This is a disorder that arises in the enthesis, which is the connection point where a tendon, ligament, or muscle is inserted into the bone. Abnormalities in the area where the ligaments and tendons are attached to the bone as well as disorders that occur in the peripheral ligaments or attachments in the muscles are named enthesopathy.

Causes

Enthesopathy can be caused by regular stress or continuous movement in any part of the enthesis located in the human body. It can also result from drug or medication use. Infections and metabolic changes are also culprits of this disease.

It can also be a result of other diseases where the focal disease instigates this condition in the human body such as Crohn’s disease, Reiter’s syndrome, Tennis elbow, Golfer’s elbow, Postman’s heel, plantar fasciitis, Iliotibial band syndrome, and Ankylosingspondylitis.

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  • Abdominal pain
  • Tenderness that may worsen during movement
  • Swelling of ligaments and joints

Treatment

Doctors often advise patients with ethnesopathy to get adequate rest in order to control repetitive usage of the affected area. Rest provides the possibility for the inflamed ligaments, tendons, and other connective tissues to heal. Medication may also be prescribed for reducing pain and inflammation. Physical therapy is also a common follow-up to a lot of rest in this situation.

More severe conditions of enthesopathy, injections of compounds such as steroids will be required. When the situation becomes chronic, a lifetime of management of the disease will be necessary, including rest, medications, exercises as well as approaches to prevent further injuries. At this point, doctors may recommend an arthroscopy surgery, which is used to repair the damaged ligaments.

However, more innovative options such as stem cell therapy are an alternative to dangerous, invasive surgery. Not only that, this regenerative medicine technique actually takes less time, is typically painless, and has a quicker recovery time.